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The US Department of Energy (DOE)’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) recently announced funding of $3,745,413 to Western Research Institute (WRI) to develop low cost carbon fibre components using various resources as the feedstock, such as coal and biomass.
With partner cost share included, the overall value of the project as proposed is nearly $7 million.
Southern Research’s Energy & Environment division (E&E) will participate as a subcontractor to WRI to provide renewable acrylonitrile – the key raw material needed to produce high quality carbon fibres – produced from biomass-derived second generation sugars.
“At Southern Research we have developed an innovative, thermocatalytic process that converts second generation sugars obtained from biomass to acrylonitrile,” says Amit Goyal, Manager, Sustainable Chemistry and Catalysis, and Principal Investigator for Southern Research’s E&E division.
The Southern Research process produces a direct drop-in replacement for petroleum acrylonitrile that is said to be economically competitive and sustainable, lowering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by up to 40%.
“90% of the world’s carbon fibre production utilises acrylonitrile as a raw material, growing at 11-18% per year,” Goyal says. “Due to the high growth rate of carbon fibre production, any reduction on GHG will be highly impactful.”
The goal of the project with WRI is to expand the range of biomass feedstocks that the Southern Research process can use and to understand how the process is affected by impurities that change when different types of biomass and different biomass-to-sugar processes are used. Experimental data generated in this project will allow collaborators to better predict and improve the overall cost and application areas for carbon fibres.
“The Southern Research process for producing acrylonitrile from biomass-derived sugars has the promise of changing the economics and environmental footprint of this important speciality chemical,” states Bill Grieco, Vice President of Southern Research’s E&E division. “Making that process more robust and agnostic to biomass sugar feedstock is another important step toward commercialisation of the technology.”
Team members working on the project led by WRI are Ramaco Carbon, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Grossman Advanced Materials Group, Terra Power, Autodesk, Advanced Carbon Products, and the University of Wyoming.
The project is among 22 announced in July by DOE related to research into advanced vehicle technologies.
Image provided by Southern Research
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