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Films extruded from Solvay Specialty Polymers Advanced Halar 500 ethylene chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE) resin have helped enable two lightweight, yet durable photovoltaic (PV) front sheets developed by Amcor.
Now available in the US, Amcor says that its lightweight, flexible Rayotec and Ceramis front sheets greatly expand options for advanced solar energy applications by eliminating structural weight limitations and rigidity imposed by glass, thereby improving the integration of PV modules into complex shapes.
“Durable, lightweight performance and protection are among the key criteria for front sheets targeting today’s fast-growing US market for building-integrated photovoltaic applications,” said Wojciech Skalbani, Global Sales and Marketing Director of Technical Products at Amcor. “The unique combination of performance properties provided by Solvay’s Halar 500 ECTFE resin allowed our Rayotec and Ceramis films to meet these and other demanding requirements and deliver a competitive new solution to the US solar industry.”
According to Solvay, Halar 500 ECTFE is a melt-processable fluoropolymer that can be extruded into transparent films with widths up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) and varying thicknesses. A typical 50-µm thick (0.002-in) film delivers over 90 percent light transmission and weighs only 84 g/m2 (2.9 oz/10.8 ft2). This is in marked contrast to a sheet of identically sized, conventional 3-mm thick glass targeting the same PV applications, which weighs 7.5 kg/m2 (16.5 lbs/10.8 ft2). Applied as the lightweight core material for Amcor’s Rayotec front sheet, Solvay says its Halar ECTFE resin offers expansive new options for significantly lowering the weight of crystalline silicon solar panels.
Amcor also chose Halar 500 ECTFE resin-based film as an additional protective layer for its Ceramis PV front sheet, which targets copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) solar panel applications. This front sheet incorporates a sensitive silicon oxide layer that provides the durable moisture barrier that’s critical for long-lasting performance of CIGS panels. Halar 500 ECTFE’s excellent UV-resistance protects this sensitive layer to support the overall reliability of both the front sheet and finished CIGS panel. Further, the flexibility of Halar ECTFE-based film vs. glass enables more efficient roll-to-roll processing of Amcor’s Ceramis front sheet.
In addition to these benefits, Solvay claims that Halar 500 ECTFE-based films offer very high moisture barrier properties (<1 g/m2/day) and abrasion resistance, as well as greater fire resistance, higher stiffness and lower density than competitive ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)-based films. They are self-cleaning and can withstand more than 20 years of direct exposure to sunlight. Combined with Amcor’s primer technology, films based on Halar 500 ECTFE form durable protective laminates for encapsulant films commonly used by the solar industry.
“Solvay’s high-performance Halar ECTFE resins help industry-leading innovators like Amcor to explore new pathways for designing durable, lightweight solar modules that are more easily integrated into complex shapes,” said Philippe-Jacques Leng, Solvay Specialty Polymers’ Global Market Manager for Films. “We are committed to supporting the growth of building-integrated PV applications and other solar energy markets as consumers around the globe seek more sustainable sources of energy.”
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