21 May 2004
21 May 2004
The functional 2005 Hummer H2 SUT is the latest General Motors vehicle to benefit from lightweight, high performance nanocomposite material.
The H2 SUT cargo bed uses about seven pounds of moulded-in-colour nanofilled thermoplastic olefin for its trim, centre bridge, sail panel and box rail protector.
""The beauty of the Hummer H2 SUT is its ability to go pretty much anywhere off-road and in all types of conditions,"" said Bill Knapp, H2 Program Engineering Manager. ""We designed this vehicle to use the nanocomposite parts because they are lightweight, and they don't change shape when subjected to temperature changes, which enhances the overall quality of the vehicle.""
GM introduced the first commercial automotive exterior application of nanocomposite material on the step assist of the 2002 GMC Safari and Chevrolet Astro vans. In January 2004, GM expanded its use of nanocomposite material, introducing it on the body side moulding for the '04 Chevrolet Impala. GM is now using about 660,000 pounds of nanocomposite material per year, which is the highest volume of olefin- based nanocomposite material used in the world.
Compared to conventional fillers, the size of the nanofiller is on the molecular scale, a thickness of one-billionth of a meter, or about 1/100,000 the width of a human hair.
""The virtue of using a nanocomposite for automotive applications is that less filler material is required to provide the same or better performance characteristics when compared to conventional materials,"" said Will Rodgers, Staff Scientist, GM Research and Development. ""Our next applications for nanocomposite materials will be in exterior claddings, interior parts and in non-support trim,"" said Rodgers.
The nanocomposite material used on GM vehicles is the product of advanced scientific research at the GM Research & Development Centre in Michigan and an exclusive GM development agreement with Basell USA Inc., the world's largest producer of polypropylene resin for plastics, and Southern Clay Products, Inc., a nanoclay supplier in Texas.
GM successfully developed the chemistry necessary to achieve all the positive attributes for the nanocomposite material. Basell developed the technology necessary to industrialize the new material within Basell's manufacturing facilities. Southern Clay Products worked with GM to provide a nanoclay that would disperse in an olefin based material.
The parts are moulded at Sport Rack Automotive in Sterling Heights, Michigan, and assembled at the Hummer plant in Mishawaka, Indiana.
LANXESS will open a new applications development and technical services (AD & TS) laboratory for polyurethane dispersions (PUDs) in Latina, Italy. This will be capable of supporting market needs in a variety of coatings and adhesives applications in leather and textile finishing, plastic, glass and metal substrates coatings, as well as glass fibre sizing.
Brazilian company Dilutec has developed a complete gelcoat portfolio for shipyards, for applications ranging from the manufacture of the boat mould to small repairs of the hulls and decks.
Applications for composites in the sports and leisure sector will be showcased by various exhibitors at Composites Europe in Stuttgart, Germany, on 6-8 November.