20 December 2001
20 December 2001
On December 5th 2001, the German Federal Government passed the bill for the ""law on the disposal of end-of-life vehicles (end-o-life vehicle law)"" and an explanatory statement on the bill.
The law serves the national ratification of the directive 2000/53/EU of the European Parliament and the European Council from September 18, 2001 on end-of-life vehicles (EU Offical Journal No. L 269, page 34) and now has to pass the German Bundesrat.
The repeatedly uttered fear that the quotas fixed in the EU directive for material recovery would hinder lightweight construction and the use of renewable resources, has now proved unfounded. With concern to this, Dr. Axel Kopp of The Federal Environment Ministry explained the most important facts at the EUROFORUM specialised conference in Munich on Dec. 2, 2001: The quotas given by the EU directive do not have to be complied with by a single vehicle, but they make for a collaborative task for all economic operators. In addition, the control of the recovery quotas has significantly been simplified. The national ratifications in other EU countries are in general not stricter than the German ratification. Details can be found in the bill and the explanatory statement on it (see below).
This means practically: Light-weight vehicles and vehicles with high ratios of renewable resources do not face problems in meeting the material recovery quota any longer, because the quota does not focus on a single vehicle model any longer, but is related to the ""average vehicle weight of all end-of-life vehicles abandoned per year"". The bill and the explanatory statement can be found in German at www.bmu.de (see ""Pressemitteilungen""/""ab 01.01.2001""/""05.12.2001""). At the time this article was written, an English version was not yet on hand.
So far, you can download two German PDF-files:
(1) Bill by the Federal Government from Dec. 5, 2001 for the law on the disposal of end-of-life vehicles (end-of-life vehicle law). In § 5, section 1, clause 6, it is said:
""The economic operators make sure that the following set targets will be achieved related to the average weight of all end-of-life vehicles abandoned per year:
1. Not later than January 1st 2006
a) Reuse and recovery at least 85 weight percent,
b) Reuse and material recovery at least 80 weight percent
2. Not later than January 1st 2015
a) Reuse and recovery at least 95 weight percent,
b) Reuse and material recovery at least 85 weight percent""
""(2) Explanatory statement on the bill by the Federal Government from Dec. 12, 2001"":, which says:
""As a result of the revise form of clause 6, the standards for reuse and material recovery, that have to be met by the dismantler, are in principle amount determined. This means that according to the directive, the recycling quotas are detached from the other recovery quotas, thus leading to a simplification of the control and supervision tasks. Assuming a metal content of about 75 weight percent and a material recovery quota of about 97 percent, as proven by several studies, results in a material recovery quota (that has not be proven separately) of at least 70 percent of the end-of-life vehicle weight (0.75*0.97=0.73). Adding the 10 percent nonmetal that have to be fed to reuse or to material recovery by the dismantler, the standards according to § 5 section 1 No. 1 letter b) are safely achieved.
This means that in the future one can do without the labor-intensive conjoint calculation and data collection of the material streams coming from the dismantlers and shredders. The cooperation of several dismantlers is made possible. In these cases, meeting the standards has to be proven conjointly. Apart from that, it is made clear in clause 7 that the minimum quota must not take into account material streams by the dismantler that have to be assigned to the metal quota anyway, like e.g. remaining car bodies or core scrap as well as dismantled metal parts.""
Source: Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Protection and Reactor Security and Dr. Axel Kopp at the EUROFORUM specialised conference on Dec. 2, 2001 in Munich. Article kindly provided by Michael Karus, Managing Director of nova-Institut and Coordinator of European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA)
Toho Tenax is introducing a high-tensile, highly shock-resistant prepreg that incorporates carbon fibre developed for aerospace applications and carbon nanotubes (CNTs).
NTPT is collaborating with the Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne - Swiss Centre of Technology (EPFL) and other partners to research discontinuous fibre composite tubes for high performance applications.
Hexcel is promoting its range of composite materials for skis, snowboards and other high performance winter sports equipment at ISPO Munich 2018 on 28-31 January.