Profile - China's Textile Industry

01 October 2001

China's textile sector saw steady operation in the first half of 2001, with production of major products, such as yarn, cloth, printed cloth, silk, silk products, garments, chemical fiber and textile machines maintaining their growth momentum.

China is the biggest textile clothes producer in the world. The industry has been improved in terms of technology, quality and economic returns through restructuring over the last five years. However, problems such as low efficiency and structural imbalance still prevail and will inhibit the industry's global development as China enters the World Trade Organization. Therefore, the government plans to break barriers for the industry's further development and provide services to attract international capital and maintain a fair market.

The State Economic and Trade Commission has set the development targets for textile industry by 2005: Total processing capacity of textile fiber will increase from 12.10 million tons in 2000 to 14.25 million tons by 2005, and the per capita consumption of fiber will increase to 7.4 kg from 6.6 kg. Export of textiles and garments will grow from US$52 billion in 2000 to US$70-75 billion by 2005. The industry aims at advanced world levels not only in fiber processing, the number of equipment, output and export, but also in technical progress, innovation, productivity, enterprise management and economic efficiency. It also will form a new and competitive system for wholesale and retailing of textiles and garments, by fair competition and establishment of a quick-responsive market mechanism.

China plans to develop 40 new products and complete sets of large capacity viscose staple fiber equipment, viscose filament yarn continuous spinning equipment, large capacity polyester staple equipment, spandex aramid fiber equipment and cotton blowing-carding equipment, combing machines, automatic winder and various shuttleless looms, key knitting machines, environment-friendly and energy-efficient printing and dyeing machines and non-woven fiber making equipment.

China's textile exports are expected to increase and be competitive on international markets after it joins the WTO. The recent conclusion of WTO talks with the United States and EU is a great encouragement to the domestic textile industry.

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